In order to identify strategies and measures aimed at developing industrial sectors, it is important to have good knowledge of how the innovation system looks and functions. This report gives an overview of the structural development of the automotive industry in Sweden until the year 2015, highlighting some important industry features and discusses the structure of the automotive industry. It also provides a basis for analyzes and strategies regarding how the competitiveness of the Swedish automotive industry can be increased by identifying national, sectoral and regional knowledge concentrations. The aim is to serve as a basis for discussion as well as give insights and ideas for further studies of the automotive industry in Sweden including other parts of the innovation system connected to it. This provides an update of an earlier report, "Företag inom fordonsindustrin 2006 – 2010" (Vinnova Rapport/Analys VA 2012:06), but with the addition of data for competence analysis.