Long term sustainable transport solutions for the everyday commodity sector
|Coordinator||TFK Institutet för transportforskning - TFK Stockholm|
|Funding from Vinnova||SEK 1 350 000|
|Project duration||September 2008 - May 2011|
Purpose and goal
In 2007 TFK established a research co-operation with the everyday commodity sector. The intention was to map why this sector mainly used road transports for its big flows, and only in a small amount used rail transports. It was detected that an extensive structural change period was started about 20 years what meant that the number nodes, or distribution centers decreased to a few units. On the basis of experiences and results from earlier studies be suggested a project with aim that: - map everyday commodity enterprises flows concerning kinds of goods, volumes and flow patterns. - together with problem owners within the everyday commodity sector and the transport sector develop competition neutral transport - and logistics solutions what intends to decrease the sector´s resource consumption for transports, decrease its environmental impact and to create in the long term sustainable transport and logistic solutions. - develop solutions, and choice models in order to can to choose, and to adapt, load wearer pursue premium goods and everyday commodities that is formulated, or can be adapted, for effective long distance transports on road, distribution and intermodal transports. - develop a model for comparisons of transport set-ups on the basis of an environment - and durability perspective analog with a transport economic assessment of the set-ups. An objective is that through this project carry out a continued work against to the trade sector for long-term sustainable transport solutions for daily products. As bases for this is an objective also to create and compilea a picture and description of how the flows of everyday commodities goods are shaped in Sweden and which heavy flows that is.
Results and expected effects
The project is expected to show a number high density flows of everyday commodities in Sweden that along with other highly processed goods can create a basis for timed sustainable and to a large extent intermodal logistics and transport solutions. These solutions are intended to be developed in collaboration with operators within the everyday commodity sector and also some transport companies that collects and transports highly processed goods, mainly as genral cargo and parcels. The project is expected show how a number relationships for timed or intermodal transports, can be created on the basis of those flows as been identified in the project´s introduction. The project is expected to give a basis in order to specify how a new concept for road vehicle pursues that to be adapted for distribution and transports over means long distances of interchangeable load carriers can be formulated. These solutions are intended promote as well one more effective and rationalized vehicle use, one more effective and more environmentally friendly distribution and to facilitate use of intermodal transports when so is possible. Furthermore, the project is expected show how intermodal transports can be done more attractive and to offer new logistic possibilities through use of load carriers that for example make it possible to easier/faster loading and unloading tce vehicle. In other cases is required load carrier can clear consolidating of goods that request various temperature zones. The possible logistic advantages of introducing several temperature zones in one and same load carrier has been described in earlier studies. TFK has also contributed in a demonstration project and mapped effects of introducing three temperature zones in one and same load carrier. The project is expected show how future load carrier can be designed in order to receive a good transport economy and rationalized transports in future sustainable transport- and distribution systems. Regarding tempering of load carrier is expected the analog project Sustainable temperate transports that will give knowledge and information about how one efficiently energy use and an increased durability can be achieved in temperate sensitive transports. This with the aid to renewing, and develop systems and technical solutions for tempering.
Approach and implementation
The project is implemented in the following stages: 1. Introductory study with quantitative mapping of the everyday commodity trade´s and its suppliers´ goods flows. A quantitative analysis is intended to cover the following product flows: A. Flows from nodes and/or distribution centers in Sweden to shops and other recievers. B. Flows from suppliers in Sweden to breaking points and/or distribution centrals Sweden. C. Flows from suppliers in other countries, probably on the European continent to nodes or distribution centers in Sweden. Swedish everyday commodity trade has, represented of those three companies that intend to contribute in the project, decided to organize statistic have at one´s disposal for this mapping. The project will also be coordinated with an ongoing international study, what is implemented within the framework of the European ERA-NET-partnership, and that intends to map flows of everyday commodities and other time sensitive products between Sweden and other European countries. 2. Attempts concerning sustainable transport systems for everyday commodities The work is intended to be carried out interactively with customers and stakeholder groups. Important is also to implement workshops where the guidelines for the following issues will be drawn up: A. Road transport systems - set-ups for long distance transports and/or distribution B. Intermodal transport systems C. Railway transports D. Load carriers - load areas 3. Development of mock-up for analyses and comparisons of transport systems The mock-up that will be developed can be used for analyses and comparisons of transport systems from outside from an environment - and sustainability perspective concurrent as transport economic assessments happens in analogy. 4. Analysis and report On the basis of the results above a proposal will be presented about how a frame for a sustainable transport system for the everyday commodity sector, it´s everyday commodities and and other fast cargo transport systems will be developed.