In this section we summarise what the rules for state aid mean, and what we may fund.
State aid rules apply to organisations that carry out economic activities. When we provide funding to these acitivites, we do so either on the basis of the European Commission's General Block Exemption Regulation of 2014 or the Regulation regarding de minimis aid (the De Minimis Aid Regulation).
State aid levels
The rules for state aid say that we may provide funding for certain kinds of activities or projects. We often require an own financial input from the party receiving funding. The proportion of the party's eligible costs that we fund is called the aid intensity and is expressed as a percentage.
The maximum aid intensity that we may provide depends on the organisation's size and the type of project. Smaller companies may receive higher aid intensity levels than bigger companies. Please note that we follow the EU definition of small and medium-sized enterprises.
Table of aid intensities and definitions for Vinnova funding (pdf) - only in Swedish
How the European Commission defines small and medium-sized enterprises (pdf)
Why there are rules for state aid
The rules on state aid are based on the main principle in EU law that aid to companies normally distorts competition. However, some exceptions can be made, including aid for research, development and innovation.
The rules on state aid for research, development and innovation that regulate Vinnova's funding are stated in SFS 2015:208, which builds on the European Commission's so-called General Block Exemption Regulation.
Ordinance regarding state aid for research and development as well as innovation (pdf) - only in Swedish
European Commission's General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER) 651/2014 (pdf)
De minimis aid
Besides aid according to the General Block Exemption Regulation, Vinnova may also provide de minimis aid according to the De Minimis Aid Regulation (Commission Regulation (EU) No 1407/2013). When we intend to provide de minimis aid in a call, it's stated in the call text.
How much de minimis aid we may provide
The maximum permitted amount for de minimis aid is EUR 200,000 per company over three tax years. All aid awarded under this ordinance to the same company are added together, including aid to other parts of a group that the company is part of. If you have received aid according to the European Commission's Block Exemption Regulation, you shouldn't include that aid in this calculation.
For example, if a company has received aid of EUR 50,000 in the first year, we can award a maximum of EUR 150,000 the second year. Then, the same company may not receive any de minimis aid at all in the third year. In the fourth year, we can award another EUR 50,000. If you, as a grant recipient, are part of a corporate group, you need to add in all grants within the corporate group.
For companies in the road transport sector, the highest permitted de minimis aid is EUR 100,000 over three tax years.
Provide certificates of earlier funding
Every company that applies for de minimis aid must submit an account of how much de minimis aid they have been awarded in the previous two tax years and the ongoing tax year.
Form for certification of de minimis aid (docx) - only in Swedish